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Jamshed-e-Navroz
Jamshed-e-Navroz
The Parsee Fire Temple in Jamshedpur is situated in the periphery of a beautiful garden known as Jubilee Gardens with lovely flowering trees, bushes, creeps, rose and sea sonal plants. It was here that the holy fire, which the Parsees worship, was installed in 1960. The day was 3rd March, the birthday of Jamshetji Tata, day of Universal rejoicing in Jamshedpur. The fire has an interesting history. It has been burning in the Cursetjee Manockjee Shroff Agairy of the khades Parsee in Bombay since 1790. The trustee of the agairy, who had fallen on lean days was finding it difficult to keep the holy fire burning and approached the Parsees of Jamshedpur to establish the Cursetjee Manockjee Shroff Agairy here. The offer accepted and the setting up of the agiary fulfilled the long cherished dream of the Parsees in Jamshedpur to have the place of worship in the Steel city.

Situated on the straight mile road, the solemnly impressive Agiary was planned and designed by Mr. J.K Gora of Baliarchi, Thompson and Mathews, the famous architects of Calcutta. By a happy co-incidence, Mr. Gora descends from the same Dady Burjar Family of Bombay, as the original founder of the Agairy, Cursetjee Monockjee Shroff. Sri Jhangir Gandhy and then Director laid the foundation stone in charge, Tisco on 18th November 1954.

The Agiary caters to the ceremonial and religious needs of Parsee community. Every Sunday a class of religious instructions is held for boys and girls. A board of seven Trustees manages it with the assistance of honorary Secretary and an Honorary Treasurer.

The Gift of Fire from the old fire temple of Gujrat to the new, Vital and growing Parsee Community of Jamshedpur signifies the dedication of the Zoroastrian Community to the survival and continuation of an ancient and powerful religion. The Parsees of Jamshedpur, though few in number, have guided the city by their example and leadership in upholding ideals. Jamshedpur embodied the Zoroastrian thoughts, words and needs, “to be productive to partake of the generous resources of the earth and above all, to help those less fortunate also to share the good life.”

The first Parsees to visit Mayurbhanj district in 1905 were Mr. N.B. Bhattlawala, Mr. Burjorji Badshah who were close associates of the Jamshedji Nusserwanjee Tata.

Until 1924, this community applied to the company for plot of land to establish an Aramghah or Burial ground. Prior to this small plot in the Beldih Triangle contained graves. Later the company allotted plot of 1100 ft. by 600 ft. on the banks of the Subarnarekha River in the year 1925. On 3rd April 1927 it was established.

After the success of the Parsees Aramgah Committee, began the formation of an Association to promote the general interest of the community. On 23rd September 1937 a resolution was passed which led to the formation of the Jamshedpur Parsee Association. The Association also constructed houses in the Parsee colony. The Parsee community is very much in all social and cultural welfare activities of Jamshedpur.

In the local Parsee gallery of some such names as:
Sir Ardeshir Dalal 1984-1949
B.J.Padshah 1864-1941
Maneck K. Bowvala 1904-1960
Maneck Homi 1894-1927
Sir Jehangir Gandhi 1896-1972
K.A.D.Naoroji 1893-1977
Khan Bahadur Rustomji P. Patel 1888-1951
Dhanjishaw M. Madan 1883-1932
Phiroz Kutar 1898-1965
Keki H. Kartar 1907-1970
Nariman B. Patel 1899-1950
Medioma D. Madan 1913-1962
Ardeshir H.Billimoria 1894-1984
K.S.Kuka 1910-1984
Behramji Dhunji Bahi Ichaparia 1893-1974
J.N.Dastur 1881-1964
D.P.Bodhanwalla 1915-1981
K.M.Bharucha 1884-1950
P.R.Mody 1884-1962
Khan Saheb J.N. Gilder 1890-1964
M.Dinshaw 1975-1920
Mr. Patel 1912-1926
Pilloo Tata 1922-1967
R.R.Mody 1984-1962
B.R.Mody 1913-1958
L.Billimoria 1913-1983
N.Wankha Dia 1890-1983
D.J.Bahadurji 1910-1940
Lt.Gen.K.S.Alaster
S.J.Dalal 1924-1987
M.P.Palam Kote 1887-1985
S.K.Nanawati 1906-1986

One can easily recall their outstanding contribution to the county and societies, who were here yesterday. However several other personalities of the community, whether in trade or industry, or simply by virtue of their traditional graciousness, have left lasting impression on successive generations of the institution which bear their names.

Even before the establishment of the Jamshedpur Parsee Stree Mandal in 1948, the ladies of Jamshedpur had started participating in the social and cultural events of Jamshedpur by organizing shows like baby, flower negotiable with the establishment of Parsee Stree Mandal, 1948. The activities of the ladies were mainly chanelized towards helping weaker sections of the community by means of educating and taking care of children and in organizing sports, games, youth activities and Melas. This is not all the Parsee ladies restricted their activities within the community but along with other bodies of different communities have transcended all Social and Caste basis in doing useful, productive, social work all sections of the society.

The prominent among them is lady Roshan J. Ghandy, Late Mrs. Perin C. Mehta (Educationalist), Social workers Mrs. Homai P. Palamkot (Educationalist), Sillo Surti, Mini Vakil, Goolbai Bharocha associating in affairs of the AIWC, Jamshedpur Blood Bank, Chest Clinic, Cancer Hospital, Eye Hospital, and in the field of education.
The Baugh-e-Jamshed, i.e., The Garden for Jamshed, one of Jamshedpur’s English Medium School for Children for all communities was opened on 8th January, 1979. No history of the Parsees of Jamshedpur would be complete without specific mention being made of the role played by the Parsees doctors in Jamshedpur. The well known among them is:

Late. Gen.K.S.Master
Late Dr.F.J.Billimoria
Major R.C.Tarapore
Dr.P.B.Bharucha
Dr. X.J. Anklesaria
Dr. Tehmina D. Kapadia
Dr.N.A.Piroshaw
Dr.Bachoo Master
Dr.Adda C. Mehta
Dr.Mrs.Erin Mroach
Dr.A.B.Balsara
Dr.Heera
Dr.M.D.Balsara
Dr.R.A.Balsara
Dr.R.J.Tata

The growth of Parsee Community has been synonymous with the development of sports and youth activities in Jamshedpur. In dramatic shows the Jamshedpur Parsee Amateurs formed a very popular theatre group in the 30s. The first Parsee Cricket Team was led by K.A.D. Nairobi in the early 30s and formed the Bihar Cricket Team.

In 1894, Maori told the members of the I.N.Congress, ”Whether I am a Hindu, a Mihammedan, a Parsi, a Christian, or of any other creed, I am above all an Indian, and our nationality is Indian.”

The sacred fire for Parsee worship arrived in Jamshedpur as late as 1960. Much earlier however, at the very beginning of the century, came as pioneering flame, which over the years has brunt brightly within the hearts and mind of a small group of Zoroastrians. The Parsees of Jamshedpur imbibed in the spirit of a great visionary Jamshedji Tata. This courageous group with steadfast zeal determination has carved the country’s Industrial destiny out of the dense jungles of the Chhotanagpur plateau. Today the beautiful Steel city of Jamshedpur pulsuating with vigor and enterprises, at the very heart of modern India, is living monument of their achievements.

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